Vlad III, Prince of Wallachia (1431–1476), also known by his patronymic Dracula son of Vlad II Dracul and posthumously dubbed Vlad the Impaler (Romanian: Vlad Țepeș pronounced [ˈvlad ˈt͡sepeʃ]) was a three-time Voivode of Wallachia ruling mainly from 1456 to 1462 the period of the incipient Ottoman conquest of the Balkans. Vlad III is remembered for spending much of his rule campaigning efforts against the Ottoman Empire and its expansion and for the impaling of enemies. Already during his lifetime, his reputation of excessive cruelty spread abroad in Germany and elsewhere in Europe. The total number of his victims is estimated in the tens of thousands. The name of the vampire Count Dracula in Bram Stoker‘s 1897 novel Dracula was inspired by Vlad’s patronymic (more on Wikipedia).