Peter Gross is a journalism professor specialized in international communication and the director of Journalism & Electronic Media at the College of Communication & Information, University of Tenneessee, Knoxville. He authored valuable research studies about the post-communist transition in former communist East-European countries such as: Entangled Evolutions. Media and Democratization in Eastern Europe (Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2002); Mass Media in Revolution and National Development: The Romanian Laboratory (Iowa State University Press, 1996); Mass Media and Democracy (Polirom, 2004); Introduction to Newswriting and Newsgathering (Editura de Vest, 1993); Giants With Feet of Clay. The Post-Communist Romanian Press (Polirom, 1999). He co-authored Media and Journalism in Romania (Vistas Verlag, 2006), and Eastern European Journalism. Before, During and After Communism (Hampton Press, 1999); The Basics of Public Relations (NIM Press, 1998). He co-edited the volumes Understanding Foreign Correspondence: A Euro American Perspective of Concepts, Methodologies and Theories (Peter Lang Publisher, 2011) and Media Transformations in the Post-Communist World. Eastern Europe’s Tortured Path to Change (Lexington Press, 2013).
Peter Gross has travelled and conducted journalism workshops in Western and Eastern Europe, in China, Taiwan, India and Cuba. He lectured at the Oxford University United KIngdom, the University of Madrid, Barcelona, Bilbao, Murcia and Santiago de Compostella in Spain, the University of Dortmund Germany, University of Tirana Albania, Vyautas Magnus University Lithuania, Babes-Bolyai University, the University of Timisoara, the University of Bucharest, and the Black Sea University Romania, the Jagiellonian University Poland, the University of Salzburg Austria, the Central European University Hungary, Shanghai University China, Rutgers University, Georgetown University, and the U.S. Department of State. Peter Gross worked as a consultant on East European media to the International Media Fund in Washington D.C. and to The Freedom Forum.
The study Mass Media in Revolution and National Development: the Romanian Laboratory emerged in the early 1990’s after a series of working trips to East-Central Europe financed by U.S. Information Agency, Voice of America, International Media Fund, and Freedom Forum. The book was awarded the American-Romanian Academy of Arts and Sciences Book Award in 1996. Peter Gross arrived in Romania a few days after the Revolution aiming to find out the way Romanians would take back and recreate its mass media system. The author provides a detailed examination of the period between 1990 and 1996 and the changes occurring in the former communist Romania, viewed as an interesting and rich laboratory (Gross 1996, ix) for researching journalism development in a post-communist background.
Peter Gross successfully argues that in the first years after the Revolution, Romania was showing the same symptoms as all the former communist states did at that time: Poland, Hungary, Albania, Bulgaria etc. However, Romania had experienced the most extreme communist regime, and the bloodiest Revolution in the region, which impacted its future evolution in a specific way. In this study, the author tries to find answers for a series of justified questions concerning the starting point of rebuilding the society, the appropriate type of journalism to be implemented, and its contribution to the transition period.
fragment articol publicat in STUDIA UNIVERSITATIS BABES-BOLYAI EPHEMERIDES, LVIII, 2, 2013 (P.91-95), BABES-BOLYAI UNIVERSITY